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涂仕娟,陈 鹏,杨红亚.“鼠衣秋千式”大鼠温针灸固定方法的研究与探索[J].中国比较医学杂志,2021,31(5):128~132.
“鼠衣秋千式”大鼠温针灸固定方法的研究与探索
Fixation method for needle warming moxibustion treatment on swinging rats bound with coat
投稿时间:2020-08-11  
DOI:10. 3969 / j.issn.1671-7856. 2021. 05. 021
中文关键词:  温针灸  鼠衣秋千式  束缚法  固定方法  大鼠
英文关键词:needle warming moxibustion  swinging rats bound with coat  bondage  fixation method  rats
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
涂仕娟 成都中医药大学基础医学院,成都 611137 1148217370@ qq.com 
陈 鹏 成都中医药大学医学与生命科学学院,成都 611137  
杨红亚 成都中医药大学基础医学院,成都 611137 yhy6018@ 163.com 
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中文摘要:
       目的 为大鼠温针灸治疗提供一种操作简便的固定装置和方法。 方法 用旧布料制作鼠衣,利用大鼠喜暗喜钻洞习性使其进入鼠衣并固定;用 S 形挂钩将固定好的大鼠悬挂于布带条上,使其处于荡秋千式悬挂状态,治疗部位穴位充分暴露;根据选穴,对大鼠进行温针灸治疗;从操作时间、动物反应等方面比较“鼠衣秋千式” 和束缚固定法。 结果 与束缚法相比,“鼠衣秋千式”固定法只需 1 人即可完成操作,固定单只大鼠所需时间显著缩短(P<0. 01);大鼠在固定、悬挂以及温针灸治疗过程应激反应较小,无烫伤、死亡等情况发生,治疗中掉针大鼠所占比例为 10. 00%,而束缚组为 60. 00%;取穴方便,温针灸治疗能够顺利进行。 结论 “鼠衣秋千式”大鼠温针灸固定方法与其他固定方法相比,具有能减少大鼠应激反应、节约人力、操作简便、固定装置大小易调节等优点,是一种较为适用于各种体型的大鼠四肢部位温针灸的固定方法。
英文摘要:
       Objective To provide a straightforward fixation device and method for needle warming moxibustion treatment on rats. Methods A coat was made for the rat from old cloth. Using the natural tendency of rats to like darkness and seek holes, the rat was bound in the coat. Bound rats were then hung on a cloth strip with S-shaped hooks to provide a swing, which completely exposed the acupoints for treatment. Rats were treated with needle warming moxibustion. We compared operation time and animal reaction between swinging rats bound with coat and bound rats only. Results Compared with the bondage method , the swinging method with rats bound with coat fixation required only one person to complete the operation, and the time required to fix one rat was significantly shorter (P< 0. 01). There was a minimal stress reaction in the process of binding, hanging, and needle warming moxibustion treatment. The needle drop rate was 10%, while in the bound group it was 60%. There was no scalding or death in the swinging rats. Thus, the needle warming moxibustion treatment was successfully administered. Conclusions Compared with the existing holder, the fixation method of needle warming moxibustion treatment on swinging rats bound with coat can reduce the stress response of rats and minimize manpower. It is easy to adjust the size of device, convenient to select acupoints, and is easy to operate. It is a more applicable method for needle warming moxibustion in the limbs of all types of rats.
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